Beginning from the 2019/2020 academic year, all junior high school students will be required to use newly introduced school uniforms.
The new uniform for girls is a khaki skirt with a striped shirt, while that for boys is a pair of khaki shorts with a striped shirt.
Features of school uniforms
The features of the new uniforms are the Ghana Flag, a certificate, a graduation cap and books.
The Ghana Flag is printed on the breast pocket of the shirt, signifying patriotism and a sense of belonging, while a certificate, which talks about graduation from the basic school level to the secondary level, is printed on the right and left top and down of the shirt.
A graduation cap, symbolising intelligence and superiority, is also printed on both the left and the right top and down of the shirt, while a book, signifying knowledge and empowerment, is printed on both the left and the right top and down.
Displaying the new uniforms at a press briefing in Accra yesterday, the Director-General of the Ghana Education Service (GES), Prof. Kwasi Opoku-Amankwa, explained that the new school uniforms formed part of the educational reforms being embarked on by the government.
Cost of uniform
Asked about the cost implications of the new uniforms, he said just as was the case with the current school uniforms, for which parents bore the cost, the same would be applicable for the new school uniform.
“For the uniforms, what happens is that from the KG to JHS, as we all know, parents buy them and not the government. However, we have some deprived areas where the government has decided to buy the uniforms for them. So over the years we buy for those areas and this has been going on for a couple of years now. As far as we are concerned, that has not changed,” he explained.
Giving a background to the introduction of the new school uniform, he said the sector Minister, Dr Matthew Opoku Prempeh, through consultations, presented a memo to the Cabinet, “which was duly accepted for us to change the junior high school uniform from the next academic year”.
“The idea is for them to start seeing themselves as secondary school students. They are in lower secondary school,” he explained, citing international standards as justification.
He explained that in other parts of the world, from junior secondary, the student exited straight into senior secondary school, “but in our case, the structure is such that they are part of the primary school and so they tend to see themselves as primary school students”.
“The idea is to psychologically let them see themselves as secondary school students and this also dovetails into the new reforms that are coming in terms of the content of their curriculum, which will be upgraded such that it will come to the standard of a normal secondary school system,” Prof. Opoku-Amankwa said.
On examination/printing fees in basic schools, he said the management had been involved in consultations with the major stakeholders, including head teachers, through the Conference of Heads of Basic Schools (COHBS) and the Conference of Directors of Education (CODE) to look at various options.
He said one of the options put forward was “for part of the capitation grant to be used to pay for the printing of examinations and/or the provision of printing equipment at all district education offices throughout the country to provide for the printing of examination questions and other printing needs of the schools and offices without any direct financial commitment to any student or parent”.
“The management of the GES wishes to assure all head teachers, teachers, parents, students/pupils that by the time of next term examinations, all these issues, where some teachers are seen writing examination questions on blackboards and in some cases on the floor and ceilings, would have been resolved,” Prof. Opoku-Amankwa explained.
He reiterated the management’s commitment to the implementation of the free, compulsory, universal basic education (FCUBE) policy as provided for under the 1992 Constitution.
On financial provision for education, he said for the first time in the history of the service, budgetary provision and releases had been made to circuits to ensure improved supervision of schools to improve learning outcomes.
“Each circuit in 2018 received GH¢2,500 per year. For the current year, it is expected that each circuit will receive GH¢4,200,” he said.
“Again, in 2016, administrative grant to regional offices was GH¢1,000 per year per regional office. This increased to GH¢40,000 in 2017, GH¢50,000 in 2018 and for the current year it is expected that each regional office will get GH¢100,000.
“For the district administrative grant, it used to be GH¢1,000 per district per year. This increased to GH¢6,000 in 2017, GH¢20,000 in 2018 and for the current year it is estimated that each district will receive GH¢32,000,” Prof. Opoku-Amankwa said.