The purpose of promoting the intake of healthy diets and ensuring the availability of nutritious food is to achieve good health and prevent chronic diseases. Unhealthy diets are consumed by people either as a result of ignorance of the choice of healthy foods, or lack of access to nutritious meals. Healthy eating involves the intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes (Healthy People 2030). A healthy diet is less saturated fat, salt, and refined sugar with an adequate intake of water (2-3L/ day).
An unhealthy diet also classified as junk foods are pizzas, fries, fast foods, sugary drinks, pastries, polished grains and cereals, cream and saturated oil that have low nutritional value to the body. This increase the risk of chronic conditions such as obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and stroke among others.
Society attributes the consumption of these unhealthy diets as affluence and enlightened as such, served at parties and other social gatherings. Other predisposing factors contributing to unhealthy eating are stress of urban living, family life, academic pursuit, and meeting of work deadlines.
1 Corinthians 10:31 admonishes us that “what we eat or drink and do should glorify God” and some illnesses are a result of our actions and inaction. The availability of local and unrefined food at home and the willingness to prepare in their required proportions promotes healthy eating.
Public education about healthy diets as well as seeking information from dieticians and nutritionists will promote a healthy population.